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Peanut Business Farming

PeanutPeanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) or groundnut were a common plant in the Philippines. It is considered one of the major field legumes by farmers, but it has been low and intermittent in growth. Isabela, Pangasinan, La Union, Quirino, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Aurora, Albay and Iloilo are among the provinces in the Philippines. However, nearly half of the total peanut production in the country was provided by the Cagayan Valley region.

 

Recommended Varieties

In the Philippines the suggested peanut varieties are as follows:

1. UPL Pn-2 – 104-111 days
2. UPL Pn-4 – 105-110 days
3. UPL Pn-6 – 105-110 days
4. UPL Pn-8 – 100-110 days
5. BPI Pn-2 – 97-101 days
6. UPL Pn-10 – 98-100 days
7. PSB Pn-2 – 101-103 days
8. PSB Pn-3 – 103-104 days
9. ICGV 8848 -120 days
10. ICGV 88392 -120 days
11. ICGV 88406 -120 days

 

Land Preparation

Peanut needs well-prepared area for the production of good seeds. In order to properly grow pods and effectively control weeds, comprehensive land planning is also required. Plow and harrow the field at an interval of seven days 2-3 times. 

Straight furrows are made at range of 50 cm from the higher elevation of the field down to the lower elevation during dry season planting.

 

Seedbed Preparation

A well-grown soil makes it easy to penetrate the peg and produce the seeds. Plowing the field 15-20 cm deep will cover the residues of the crop and reduce the losses caused by Sclerotioum rolfsii caused by stem and pod disease. Approximately two to three alternate plowings and harrowing will be enough to plant the soil in good tilt.

 

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